See arch specific setup_frame() function in the kernel. For mips, it installs the signal trampoline, the user context (the registers) and the siginfo (when appropriate). The trampoline is just a syscall trap to the kernel to call sigreturn(). The address of the trampoline is set in the RA register, the arguments (signr, siginfo and the signal context) in registers 4, 5 and 6 respectively, pc points to the sighandler, reg# 29 (stack ptr) points to the allocated stack frame and off you go! On completion of the handler, the user land code returns to the address pointed to by RA register which has the trampoline. This it traps to the kernel in sysexit() syscall and this syscall then restores the user context through the saved register set, saved earlier in reg# 6.